Most Quebec mothers work. Women who live in Quebec with a spouse and child are more likely to hold a job than other women. This is what a study by the Institut de la Statistique du Québec reveals, published recently on the occasion of International Women’s Day. A look at its findings.
The Canadian labour market, and particularly that of Quebec, has been profoundly marked by the growing number of women in the workforce. In its bulletin for March, based on the Labour Force Survey, the Institut de la Statistique du Québec begins by noting an increase resulting from the number of Quebec women living as a couple in which both spouses work, compared to the rest of the country’s female population. This rate has greatly increased, going from 34% in 1976 to 73.6% in 2014. While more than half of woman aged 25 to 54, 56.6%, were in 1976 one of a couple where only the man worked, only 13.4% were in this situation last year.
Do couple’s today mean two incomes?
The significant increase in the proportion of women who are one of a couple in which both work and the decreasing number of couples in which only the man works were also found across the country. However, the rate of women in couples in which both spouses work appears to have grown much faster in the Belle Province than in the rest of Canada. Starting in 2009, a period of economic recession, proportionately more Quebec women than Canadian were in this type of arrangement. There was a gap of 2.5% between women in Quebec and in the rest of the country. The study also found that close to 40 years ago only 2.7% of women were the only ones of a couple to work. Today 8.3% of them do so. 6.6% of them now live in a union where neither have a job, compared to 4.7% 38 years ago.
Most Quebec mothers work
The arrival of a child generally has an influence on the presence of women in the labour market. In 1976, 34% of women with a child between 6 and 15 years old lived as a couple in which both partners work; compared to 78% in 2014. That’s progress! For mothers with children under 6 there has been a similar change – 25% of them were in this situation with a child aged 0 to 6 and 71% a year ago. Finally, in the 1970s 46% worked of those who were mother of a child over 16 years old compared to 98% today. And it appears that Quebec is at the top of the scale – since the 2000s, more mothers in Quebec with children under 6 years old are working in Quebec than in other Canadian provinces. Thus Quebec women represent 70.3% of the proportion of women of a couple who are working, compared to 65.1% of Canadians. For those with a child between 6 and 15 years, the proportion is 78% for Quebec women and 72.5% of Canadian women.